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What do Design Patent’s Protect?

Design patents are filed to protect the way that an object looks. And only the way it looks!

When filing a design patent, the subject matter should describe the visual elements. As detailed as you can possibly get, the shape of the element and the surface ornamentation should be well described. An ornamental design can be embodied into the entire object or it can be applied to it. Each application can only have a single claim.

There are professional patent agencies, such as InventHelp, that could help you with your invention.

It is not okay to file a design patent for an item that is going to be manufactured dictated primarily by function. If at the time that it was designed, there was not a distinct shape or design not dictated by the function, it is improper.

If you have gotten this far and you are still wondering if you are in need of a design patent, ask yourself this- “Is the way that my invention looks, what I want to patent?” If the answer is yes, keep reading.

The USPTO does not require all of these steps but they recommend many of them, so we are going to go through all of the steps that they recommend an application for a design patent have.

1)The Preamble:

This element introduces the invention and the inventor to the person analyzing the application. It should include the name of the applicant, the title of the design, and a brief description of the intended use for the item of which the design is created for. This information will be printed on the patent; therefore it is extremely important to make this look nice.

When deciding upon the title of the design, make sure that the name identifies the item in which the design is used on. This will be the name publicly known.


Unless included in the application data sheet, provide a cross reference to related applications.

3)Statement regarding federally sponsored research or development.

4)Description of the figure(s) of the drawing:

  • These are indications of what each view of the drawing represents. Since the drawing is typically the best description for a design, a specified description is not typically necessary but is not prohibited.
  • These descriptors should be included if there are portions of the design that are not included in the drawing, or if there is a part of the design that is not supposed to be patented.
  • If not included in the preamble, this is also where you would denote the nature and environmental use of the design.

5)Feature Description.

6)A Single Claim:

  • Definition of the design which the applicant is wanting to patent, in terms of the item that is being embodied of applied.
  • Must be in formal terms and consistent with the title of the invention.

7)Drawings or Photographs:

  • The drawing disclosure is the most important part of a design patent application.
  • It is extremely important to make the drawing or photograph easily understood without any part of the design being left to the imagination.
  • Applicants should refer to the USPTO rules and requirements for the drawings and photographs.

8)Executed oath or declaration:

This is a required statement of the applicant of compliance with the requirements set forth by the USPTO. After you have completed and submitted your application, all you have to do is wait. If for some reason you need to communicate with the USPTO office, you will need to make sure that you have the following information available:

  • Application number.
  • Group art unit number.
  • Filing date.
  • Name of the examiner who prepared the most recent Office action.
  • Title of the invention.

Preparing your application for your design patent will be time consuming, but worth the effort. Remember to be thorough and extremely descriptive. For any help you can always hire Invent Help agency.


International Protection

The U.S. is a part of several treaties that allow U.S. patent applicants to file patent applications abroad and get the benefit of their U.S. filings. (Foreign patent applicants get the same benefits by filing their applications in the U.S.) In short, a U.S. patent applicant can pursue patent protection virtually everywhere in the world, but the process is expensive, and the deadlines are strict. So, hiring professionals, such as InventHelp agency to help is highly recommended.

There are two routes for foreign patent protection, direct filing and the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT). In either case, an application or applications must be filed no later than one year after the initial U.S. application was filed. (For design patent applications, the treaty deadline is six months.)

1. Direct Filing.

Direct filing is the simplest route to foreign patent protection. By the one-year deadline, the U.S. patent application is sent to patent attorneys in whichever countries the client wishes, and those attorneys are instructed to file the patent application in their countries. The attorneys in each country may need to translate the application into the local language and take other steps in order to file it.

Although direct filing is the simplest route, it also involves the largest up-front cost. Since patent rights are usually lost in any country where the client chooses not to file, direct filing is usually best for clients who know that they have business interests only in a few countries, and those countries are unlikely to change over time. For example, a company with consistent business interests in Canada, and nowhere else, might be a good candidate for direct filing in Canada.

There are a few countries for which direct filing is the only available route for patent protection.

2. The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)

The PCT is an international treaty that simplifies the process for getting patents in other countries, and, at this point, most industrialized countries in the world are PCT members.

At the one year mark, instead of filing individual applications in foreign countries, the patent applicant files a single international patent application under the PCT. That application is forwarded to international authorities in Geneva, who coordinate the rest of the process.

As a part of the PCT process, the application will be searched and examined by a patent examiner at a patent office of the applicant’s choice. Depending on the nature of the invention, the applicant can choose to have the application searched and examined in the U.S., South Korea, Europe, or Australia, to name a few. The search and examination provide an initial read on whether or not the applicant is likely to be successful in obtaining patent protection. The PCT also provides opportunities for the applicant to alter the patent application in response to the search.

However, the most important thing the PCT provides for most applicants is time. Once a PCT is filed, applicants have 30 months from the initial U.S. filing date (31 months for some countries) to decide where patent protection will ultimately be pursued. If the PCT application is filed at the one-year mark, that means an additional 18 months before the heavier costs of patent protection set in. If any confusion contact a patent agency like InventHelp for advice.

At the 30- or 31-month mark, the applicant must take steps to enter the “national stage” of the PCT application in whichever countries are desired. This part of the process is much like direct filing: a local patent attorney in each country of interest will need to translate the application (if required) and take steps to complete the filing.


What Questions to Ask when Meeting with Your Patent Attorney

There are many different types of legal professionals working in today’s society. One of the most popular types of attorneys or lawyers working in today’s society are patent lawyers. Patent lawyers are used by people all across the globe to understand different patent laws.

Primarily, patent lawyers or agencies, such as InventHelp are used to help an individual who has an idea or invention that they want protected get the proper legal protection that they need from the government as you can see from reviews about InventHelp on ConsumerAffairs. Once a patent case has been one the federal government will publish a detailed patent on this idea or invention that will stay in place for 20 years. This means that no one else can use the product or invention without the creator’s permission and if they do they will face serious legal repercussions for doing so.

When a case is first being filed a patent attorney will have the responsibility of preparing and submitting patent applications to the United States Patent and Trademark Office. However, many people do not understand how this process actually works so they will need to be very open with their patent attorney and ask many questions so they know what is going on.

When you meet with your patent attorney asking questions is very important. When you hire a patent attorney you will also want to make sure that the two of you see eye-to-eye on things. This is also very important because you will want to make sure that you get along with a trust the person that you hire to take care of your patent case. You will want to ask questions that will help you get to know the patent attorney and their experience.

Feel free to ask questions about their education, experience and certifications they have received. Ask how many patents they have written in the past and what type of success they have seen with their previous patents. Don’t be afraid to ask more in depth questions as well such as how many patents they have had challenged or over turned.

You are paying an attorney by the hour so make sure you ask as many questions as possible. Never feel as though you should shy away from questions. Bring your list of questions in with you and try to get through them as quickly as possible. You should still take the time to let the attorney or the agency like InventHelp answer them completely – learn why new inventors turn to InventHelp.

This is an effective way of making sure that you get through all you need to in your meeting and that all of your questions are properly answered. Asking questions is important when you meet with a patent attorney or an agency, and you should always walk away from your meeting feeling like you have a better understanding of your case and of the patent process in general.


How To Choose The Best Dog Names

Dog owners often have trouble choosing the best dog names for their dogs. After all, selecting the perfect name for their dog bears a massive amount of pressure. A name should not only be representative of the dog’s personality, but the dog should also recognize it with respect and apprehension. First-time dog owners will often recognize the similarities between choosing a name for their pet and choosing a name for their child, which makes it all the more important to learn how to choose the best dog names.

Avoiding Names With Negative Connotations

Pet owners often feel that choosing a name that could be interpreted as outside of the norm is the way to go. However, names that bear heavy negative connotations such as “Fang”, “Killer” or “Brutus” can already put their pets at a disadvantage. People often associate the latter names with brutality and negativity, often giving the dog a poor reputation without meaning to.

Avoiding Names That Are Too “Unique”

The best dog names are not necessarily the most unique ones. It is advisable to avoid choosing names that are inanimate objects or describe other animals. For example, names such as “Giant”, “Tiger” or “Firefly” may seem like a good idea at first, but they can also be demeaning to a dog. Dogs are important members of the family, so choosing a name that shows their place in the family is important.

The Name Should Describe The Dog

Dogs should have names that describe their personalities and unique qualities. Meanwhile, it is true that naming a dog is not easy, choosing to name a dog after a favorite artist, musician or composer can be meaningful. It is crucial that the chosen name fits the dog and harbors positive emotions within all those that come into contact with him or her.

The Dog’s Response

Meanwhile, it is true that naming the dog is always up to the owner, it is advisable to choose a name that the dog is willing to listen to. For example, if the owner wants to name the dog “Lucky”, but he only listens to “Luis”, then that should be grounds for reconsidering the choice. Dogs generally appreciate names that are not only catchy, but easy for him or her to remember.

Fitting On The Tag

Perhaps it may seem silly or even awkward, but some pet owners forget that standard dog tags are rather small. Most dog tags only have space for several characters, so it is important to choose names that are not only short, but fit easily on the tag.

Popular Name Ideas

For those pet owners who feel stuck deciding the perfect pet name, there are a couple of names that were voted the trendiest in the past year. It is worth considering names such as:

-Simba (male)

-Athena (female)


-Maya (female)

-Ace (male)

-Willow (female)

-Roxy (female)

-Stella (female)

-Gunner (male)

-Thor (male)

-Dexter (male)

Meanwhile, choosing dog names is not easy, most pet owners enjoy the challenges they face when naming the newest member of their family.

Mythology is another area where you can find interesting and catchy name ideas, such as Greek names for dogs. There should be some initial thought given to choosing the right name, and the dog will certainly appreciate the care the owner took in naming him or her.


When a patent is issued

The purpose of a patent is to protect new and useful inventions. The “invention” can be either a process, machine, manufacture or composition. There is also a provisional application which is a subcategory of utility patents as explained by InventHelp on Instagram.

The United States grants a patent to the first to invent, not the first to file a patent application. Thus, an important part of the inventive process is the keeping of records in order to prove the date of conception and reduction to practice of the invention. In general, a disclosure that includes the name of the inventor or inventors, the first recorded date, the date that the record is being made, a general description of the invention, signatures and dates of signing, by one or more witnesses, is sufficient to prove conception. However, the many legal rules that have developed regarding evidence of conception overshadow this rule. Utilizing certain record keeping conventions help insure that dates of conception and reduction to practice are properly documented.

Patents are not effective until granted by the government and the invention must first pass a rigorous examination prior to grant. Central to the patent examination process, an invention must be both novel and unobvious in light of other “prior art” inventions. Prior art consists of all public information ever disclosed, including those disclosed by the inventor. This means that expired patents from the 1800’s, articles from an obscure foreign journal, or even the combined works of Leonardo DaVinci may form the basis for a rejection by the patent office. Non-public information is never prior art and so inventions disclosed under non-disclosure agreements, or internally within a business, are not prior art resulting in a loss of patent rights.

The patent examination process begins with the filing of a non-provisional patent application. Once filed, an application will typically enter into examination within 9 and 18 months. Depending upon the results of this examination, at least one response will generally be filed to overcome rejections made by the examiner. If the invention is patentable, a patent will generally issue between 2 and 4 years after the filing of the application as described in article.


Good and Bad Foods for Guinea Pigs


On top of the list of vegetables that are perfect for these animals is the celery especially the leaves which are six times richer in Vitamin C than its roots. However, you should be cautious when feeding them celery, do your research on how much celery can guinea pigs eat. Other leafy vegetables are also suitable for food such as spinach, turnip greens, parsley, kale, chopped stems of broccoli, chicory, parsnips, cucumber, and others.

Cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli and collards should be avoided or consumed in limited amounts because they produce gas in the digestive tract. Guinea Pigs are known to be incapable of passing gas and eating these vegetables might cause them to bloat. Avoid starchy vegetables as well like potatoes as they can be poisonous and harmful to them. Other vegetables to be avoided are mushrooms, rhubarb, hot peppers and celery.


Apricots, apples, blueberries, oranges, bananas, grapes, strawberries, watermelon and even tomatoes are good for Guinea Pigs as they are very nutritious and also rich in Vitamin C.

Avocado is not an ideal fruit as well as raisins and other fruits that are frozen, canned, cooked, and preserved. Fruits should be fed to them fresh.


Grasses are the natural food of Guinea Pigs so make sure to keep them available. Grass and hay fibers are very essential for their digestive system and for keeping their teeth to their normal lengths.


Pellets especially those that are enriched with Vitamin C should also be a part of their daily diet. However, proper storage should be observed because Vitamin C can lose its potency over time if not properly stored.

These food listing should serve as your guide in feeding your Guinea Pigs. Remember that in feeding, anything in excess will have a bad effect on them. Strict moderation is very important. Like when you feed them celery, one leaf is enough for a day; otherwise, the calcium content of this vegetable can cause bladder stone. The same is true with other types of food; each one may have a harmful effect on them if given in excess.


Vegan diet should be carefully planned out

The American Dietetic Association has reported that if a vegan diet is carefully planned out, it can have health benefits as well as be nutritionally adequate for those who are eating it. However if careful planning is not done, there can be nutritional deficits of the following nutritional ingredients in the vegan diet. These include Vitamin B12, calcium, iron, Vitamin D, protein, and omega 3 fatty acids.

Deficiencies in the above nutrients can cause some devastating problems health wise. Anemia as well as pernicious anemia, rickets, brittle or soft bones, under active thyroid production which can cause cretinism in children and hypothyroidism in adults. Deficiencies in protein can cause atrophy of muscles and other health issues when the body starts to break down its stores of proteins because the daily intake is not ingested.

Therefore it is very important to those who are on a vegan diet to take the proper vitamins and minerals as supplements to their diets in order to prevent these health problems from occurring. It is also very important that adequate vegetable proteins are consumed in order to meet those daily requirements as well. There are vegan plant based meats that are very rich in protein and you can find best vegan plant based meat online easily. Several vegetable proteins can be combined in order to form complete proteins and give a person on a vegan diet the requirements that the body needs on a daily basis.


At Home STD Tests or Clinics

Local private testing facilities can be found anywhere. It’s fast and you only need to give a blood or urine sample, no uncomfortable swabbing. If your result is positive, your doctor phone consultation will address your specific test panel results and evaluating the chance for false-positive results. Making sure you get the follow up care you need, and discussing follow up treatments if needed without the face to face confrontation.

Let’s compare at home STD tests to your normal clinical visit

STD home test vs. STD physician health exam

  • Private and Confidential
  • NEVER appears on your permanent medical records
  • NEVER submitted to insurance records
  • Speak with a doctor by phone and avoid that uncomfortable face to face confrontation