When a patent is issued

The purpose of a patent is to protect new and useful inventions. The “invention” can be either a process, machine, manufacture or composition. There is also a provisional application which is a subcategory of utility patents as explained by InventHelp on Instagram.

The United States grants a patent to the first to invent, not the first to file a patent application. Thus, an important part of the inventive process is the keeping of records in order to prove the date of conception and reduction to practice of the invention. In general, a disclosure that includes the name of the inventor or inventors, the first recorded date, the date that the record is being made, a general description of the invention, signatures and dates of signing, by one or more witnesses, is sufficient to prove conception. However, the many legal rules that have developed regarding evidence of conception overshadow this rule. Utilizing certain record keeping conventions help insure that dates of conception and reduction to practice are properly documented.

Patents are not effective until granted by the government and the invention must first pass a rigorous examination prior to grant. Central to the patent examination process, an invention must be both novel and unobvious in light of other “prior art” inventions. Prior art consists of all public information ever disclosed, including those disclosed by the inventor. This means that expired patents from the 1800’s, articles from an obscure foreign journal, or even the combined works of Leonardo DaVinci may form the basis for a rejection by the patent office. Non-public information is never prior art and so inventions disclosed under non-disclosure agreements, or internally within a business, are not prior art resulting in a loss of patent rights.

The patent examination process begins with the filing of a non-provisional patent application. Once filed, an application will typically enter into examination within 9 and 18 months. Depending upon the results of this examination, at least one response will generally be filed to overcome rejections made by the examiner. If the invention is patentable, a patent will generally issue between 2 and 4 years after the filing of the application as described in article.


Good and Bad Foods for Guinea Pigs


On top of the list of vegetables that are perfect for these animals is the celery especially the leaves which are six times richer in Vitamin C than its roots. However, you should be cautious when feeding them celery, do your research on how much celery can guinea pigs eat. Other leafy vegetables are also suitable for food such as spinach, turnip greens, parsley, kale, chopped stems of broccoli, chicory, parsnips, cucumber, and others.

Cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli and collards should be avoided or consumed in limited amounts because they produce gas in the digestive tract. Guinea Pigs are known to be incapable of passing gas and eating these vegetables might cause them to bloat. Avoid starchy vegetables as well like potatoes as they can be poisonous and harmful to them. Other vegetables to be avoided are mushrooms, rhubarb, hot peppers and celery.


Apricots, apples, blueberries, oranges, bananas, grapes, strawberries, watermelon and even tomatoes are good for Guinea Pigs as they are very nutritious and also rich in Vitamin C.

Avocado is not an ideal fruit as well as raisins and other fruits that are frozen, canned, cooked, and preserved. Fruits should be fed to them fresh.


Grasses are the natural food of Guinea Pigs so make sure to keep them available. Grass and hay fibers are very essential for their digestive system and for keeping their teeth to their normal lengths.


Pellets especially those that are enriched with Vitamin C should also be a part of their daily diet. However, proper storage should be observed because Vitamin C can lose its potency over time if not properly stored.

These food listing should serve as your guide in feeding your Guinea Pigs. Remember that in feeding, anything in excess will have a bad effect on them. Strict moderation is very important. Like when you feed them celery, one leaf is enough for a day; otherwise, the calcium content of this vegetable can cause bladder stone. The same is true with other types of food; each one may have a harmful effect on them if given in excess.


Vegan diet should be carefully planned out

The American Dietetic Association has reported that if a vegan diet is carefully planned out, it can have health benefits as well as be nutritionally adequate for those who are eating it. However if careful planning is not done, there can be nutritional deficits of the following nutritional ingredients in the vegan diet. These include Vitamin B12, calcium, iron, Vitamin D, protein, and omega 3 fatty acids.

Deficiencies in the above nutrients can cause some devastating problems health wise. Anemia as well as pernicious anemia, rickets, brittle or soft bones, under active thyroid production which can cause cretinism in children and hypothyroidism in adults. Deficiencies in protein can cause atrophy of muscles and other health issues when the body starts to break down its stores of proteins because the daily intake is not ingested.

Therefore it is very important to those who are on a vegan diet to take the proper vitamins and minerals as supplements to their diets in order to prevent these health problems from occurring. It is also very important that adequate vegetable proteins are consumed in order to meet those daily requirements as well. There are vegan plant based meats that are very rich in protein and you can find best vegan plant based meat online easily. Several vegetable proteins can be combined in order to form complete proteins and give a person on a vegan diet the requirements that the body needs on a daily basis.


At Home STD Tests or Clinics

Local private testing facilities can be found anywhere. It’s fast and you only need to give a blood or urine sample, no uncomfortable swabbing. If your result is positive, your doctor phone consultation will address your specific test panel results and evaluating the chance for false-positive results. Making sure you get the follow up care you need, and discussing follow up treatments if needed without the face to face confrontation.

Let’s compare at home STD tests to your normal clinical visit

STD home test vs. STD physician health exam

  • Private and Confidential
  • NEVER appears on your permanent medical records
  • NEVER submitted to insurance records
  • Speak with a doctor by phone and avoid that uncomfortable face to face confrontation